Facts about Uganda – The Pearl of Africa
With Uganda the Pearl of Africa, it’s African and no matter the small sized Country it is. Uganda with experience of its being a real Africa, you have to make it a must visit and this will automatically bring the Home CLOSER to Home.
Amazingly this will be the better first Proof that it’s the Pearl of Africa.
Having Ultimate Variety Species of wildlife, Gorillas (Think like a Human Before), Chimpanzees (Actions of Love in Motivating Ways) and no one has Ever wondered having a Great time after terrifying the friendliest people in Africa.
Officially the Republic of Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa and its also among the 5 countries that form the East Africa region. It is bordered to the East by Kenya, to the North by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the Southwest by Rwanda, and to the South by Tanzania. Uganda is the world’s second most populous landlocked country after Ethiopia, Lying mostly across the equator where a large portion of Uganda straddles the Equator and yet the climate is pleasant due to the elevation of the country.
It’s averages are about 1,100 meters (3,609 ft.) above sea level. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, shared with Kenya and Tanzania and the biggest portion of the Lake is in Tanzania followed by Uganda and then the Smallest Portion is in Kenya. Uganda is also in the African Great Lakes region and also lies within the Nile basin, and has a variety climate but generally with a modified Equatorial climate. Getting to this landlocked country the Pearl in the heart of Africa has become a lot easier as tourism has increased and more airlines have included Uganda as one of their African Destinations.
Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompasses a large portion of the south of the country, including the capital Kampala. The people of Uganda were hunter-gatherers 1000 years ago when Bantu-speaking populations migrated to the southern parts of the country.
Physical Geography as a Uganda safari holiday attraction
On a Uganda safari, Uganda’s physical geography is never disappointing. Talk of the gigantic Victoria Lake that forms the source of the Nile River along with the chain of other lakes including Kyoga, Edward, Albert, George,
Mburo and Bunyonyi (the second deepest in Africa) to the magical mountains of Rwenzori 5,109m (the third highest in Africa), the Elgon Mountain 4,321m (fourth highest in East Africa), three Volcanoes of Gahinga (3,474m), Sabyinyo (3,669m) and Muhabura (4,127m), Mount Moroto, Karamoja Highlands and Kigezi highlands. The stretching East African plateau, the flat landscapes of the western arm of the East African rift valley and their bordering steep escarpments including Butiaba and Kichwamba, the deep gorges of Kyambura and Sabyinyo,
the splendid waterfalls of Murchison (World’s most powerful), Sipi falls, Ssezibwa, Itanda, Kalagala and Kisizi, amazing meandering Rivers including Kafu, Katonga, Nile (world’s longest), Mpologoma, the Semuliki, Rwizi and seasonal Kidepo River and the dense forests of Budongo, Mabira, Kalinzu, Maramagambo, Kibale and Semuliki combine to make your safari in Uganda an experience of a life time.
Additionally to note is that these varied landscapes support great counts of flora, fauna and bird life. Our Uganda safaris feature birding since Uganda contains about 1,061 Species of birds forming a half of the bird species on the continent of Africa featuring one endemic bird species named the Fox Weaver. Besides birds, Uganda has the great count of primate species. Talk of the critically endangered mountain gorillas viewed on gorilla safaris in Uganda in their habitats of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla Park, the chimpanzees in the forests of Kibale Forest National Park, Semuliki National Park, Budongo Eco Reserve and the Valley of Apes – the famous Kyambura gorge, the endangered golden monkeys in Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, Black and white colobus monkeys, Red and Blue tailed monkey in Kibale Forest National Park not forgetting the localised patas monkey in Murchison Falls National Park and Kidepo Valley National Park.
Climate in the National Parks
Uganda is located on the equator. Because of this, the climate is pleasant the whole year through! Travelling in Uganda is, for this reason, not limited by climate! The temperatures average between 22 and 32ºC. In the higher location areas, the temperature drops quite a lot (mainly at night). This is in areas like Bwindi, Kisoro, Lake Bunyonyi, Mount Elgon, Sipi Falls and the Rwenzori Mountains.
Due to climate changes, it’s hard to predict when the rainy seasons will be. However; the heavy rainy season is normally in March – May, the light rainy season is November – December, though there will always be plenty hours of sunshine.
Uganda’s population is made up of a diverse range of different tribal-ethnic groups and a total population estimated to have risen to 30 million. The central part of the country is largely Bantu-speaking, with the Baganda as the largest group. The northern tribes are the Nilotic in origin; the north is also the home of the nomadic Karamajong and the remote mountain tribe known as the Ike. More than 30 languages are spoken, with English, Luganda and Swahili being the most widely used.
Uganda, the Kanzu is the national dress of men in the country. Women from central and eastern Uganda wear a dress with a sash tied around the waist and large exaggerated shoulders called a Gomesi. Women from the West, Northwestern drape a long cloth around their waists and shoulders called (Suuka). Women from the south-west wear a long baggy skirt and tie a short matching cloth across their shoulders.
Uganda entirely survives on agriculture, accounting for about 27% of the country’s exports in 2003. Agriculture has been boosted and a success in Uganda due to significant natural resources, including ample fertile land and regular rainfall and much exports, have been realised thus an increase in the foreign exchange earnings to Uganda’s economy.
Uganda’s industrial sector has been revamped and steadily increasing as a result of willing foreign investors to set up manufacturing and processing industries in the country such as cement, reinforcing rods, corrugated roofing sheets, and paint. Domestically produced consumer goods include plastics, soap, cork, beer, and soft drinks. Major Cement manufacturers like ‘Tororo Cement Ltd’ caters to the need of building and construction material consumers across East Africa
Travel and communication
Traveling to Uganda is mostly by public commuter taxis, cabs and self-driven cars and the most convenient means of travel is the motorcycle commonly known as boda bodas, as they are reliable and fast in helping to beat the heavy traffic but quite deadly as most of the riders are either careless or flout traffic rules easily.
Scheduled and chartered domestic flights are in operational and well established connecting you to various tourist destinations in the country. Public Buses, connecting the city to the up country destinations are running on the daily basis
Uganda is all over network covered, a number of telecom companies are in business offering you the most reliable Mobile communication services across the country, and they include MTN- Uganda, Uganda Telecom, Airtel Uganda, K2 Telecom and Smile Telcom
Visitors are cautioned to take great care with their valuables while travelling. Crime is less prevalent in the rural areas, but it is still wise to be careful. Visitors should not carry excessive jewellery or money. Save deposit boxes should be utilised where they are available and also wise to secure your travel documents and avoid walking un escorted at night.
Visas *: -Visas are now necessary for most Nationals and should be obtained prior to travel at a fee of $ 100.00 per person. You can also get a visa upon arrival at the airport at the same cost. One can also acquire an East African Visa that permits you to visit the East Africa states of Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda & Burundi
Health *: Health in Uganda and HIV/AIDS in Uganda
Uganda has been among the rare HIV success stories, one of the reasons being openness. In the 1980s, more than 30% of Ugandan residents had HIV; this had fallen to 6.4% by the end of 2008, the most effective national response to AIDS of any African country. This is supported by the findings of a 2006 study that modern contraceptive use in Uganda is low.
Infant mortality rate was at 79 per 1,000 in 2005. Life expectancy was at 50.2 for females and 49.1 for males in 2005. There were 8 physicians per 100,000 persons in the early 2000s.
Uganda’s elimination of user fees at state health facilities in 2001 has resulted in an 80% increase in visits; over half of this increase is from the poorest 20% of the population. This policy has been cited as a key factor in helping Uganda achieve its Millennium Development Goals and as an example of the importance of equity in achieving those goals. Yellow Fever vaccinations are mandatory, and we recommend anti – malarial tablets, especially during the rainy season. Most prescription drugs can be bought affordably and with ease over the counter in Kampala. Personal Insurance is advised
Airports *: Currently there is one International Airport at Entebbe. A number of international airlines fly directly to Entebbe, among them South Africa Airways, British Airways, Kenya Airways, KLM, Egypt Air, Ethiopian Airways Air Rwanda. Most major towns have an airstrip as do most National Parks and Game Reserves. Airport tax is included in your flight fare. Read More About Airport……….
Media of Exchange *: – Uganda Shillings, It is advisable to carry American dollars (the series should not be less than the year 2000) or Traveler’s cheques or any more hard currency. There are numerous Forex Bureau and banks in the capital and the main towns. Credit cards are accepted in major hotels and restaurants, but generally, it is best to carry cash upcountry.
Clothing: – Safari attire is casual and comfortable, Light clothing, hats, sturdy shoes, long sleeve shirts for an evening. Sweatshirt or fleece for evening’s upcountry. Uganda’s position on the equator suggests a need for sun cream. Women in rural towns may feel more comfortable wearing clothing that covers their knees and shoulders, but this is not mandatory. It’s usually hot by midday, but evenings are always pleasant.
Best Time to visit: – All year round, Uganda can be visited. The rains come twice a year, in October/November (short rains) and mid- March to end of May. Rainy season is no reason to postpone travel, however, as generally, it rains for an hour and the rest of the day is clear and sunny.
Tipping: – In Uganda, tipping is not compulsory but a way of service appreciation and for a job well done.
TIME: – Uganda is GMT +3hrs