Uganda ‘ Pearl of Afica’ Destination

UgandaUganda “The Heart Pearl of Africa”

Uganda is all known for the mountain gorilla trekking, but this beautiful country has way more to offer. You can see the big game the wonderful safari parks like Bwindi Impenetrable Forest NP, Queen Elizabeth NP and the still unknown Kidepo Valley NP, the primates in the rainforests, the amazing waterfalls and the beautiful lakes.

 Uganda is called “The Pearl of Africa” for many good reasons. As Winston Churchill wrote: “For magnificence, for a variety of form and colour, for a profusion of brilliant life — bird, insect, reptile, beast — for it’s Fauna and Flora — for Vast Scale — Uganda is true “The Pearl of Africa.

Portrait of a boy with the flag of Uganda painted on his face.

Basic Information

The Official Name is the  Republic of Uganda it’s elevated on the Area of 236,000 sq km with the population of over 35.7 million estimated in July 2012. The major Capital City of Uganda is Kampala and one of the Largest Cities in Uganda as well, with a high Population (2012) say; Kampala: 1,353,000 and other cities like

  • Gulu: 146,000
  • Lira: 119,000
  • Mbarara: 97,000

The Religious Affiliations are accustomed into the following;

  1. Catholic: 42%
  2. Anglican 36%
  3. Muslim: 12%
  4. Other 10%

The Uganda Location

Standing in the East of Africa sharing borders with South Sudan to the North, Tanzania to the south, Kenya to the East, Democratic Republic of Congo to the West and Rwanda to the Southwest, like you will discover during your Uganda safari, Uganda is a landlocked country whose connection to the coast is through Kenya and Tanzania.

Flag location map of Uganda, political outside.

In fact, most of her cargo that is not handled by Air direct at Entebbe International Airport is handled through Mombasa and Dar es Salaam ports.  Uganda has a total geographical coverage of 241,551 km2 of which 200,523km2 is a land while 41,028 Km2 is water.

Altitude of Uganda

The country features an average altitude of 1,200m above sea level with two extreme average points namely; the highest 5,109m Margarita peak on the Rwenzori Mountains, a popular Uganda safari destination and the lowest 620m on Lake Albert.Virtually untouched and pure, Uganda is still traditionally African, home to the world`s friendliest people, lush green and her incredible weather is enjoyable and friendly all year round. At Prime Safaris and Tours, we are passionate about our country and we rejoice in guiding you around it to help you know why it is called `the Pearl of Africa’, during your Uganda safaris.


Uganda is located in the heart of the Great Lakes region, and is surrounded by three of them, Lake Edward, Lake Albert, and Lake Victoria. While much of its border is Lakeshore, Uganda is landlocked with no access to the sea.

My African Journey

The geographic coordinates are 1°00′N 32°00′E and Uganda covers a total area of 241,039 km2 and is comprised of a list of almost 10 protected areas and Wildlife reserves rich in Wildlife and it is in these National Parks Uganda was nicknamed the Pearl of Africa by Sir Winston Church Hill as described in his book, “My African Journey”

With the topography,

the greater part of Uganda consists of a plateau with highlands that include the Rwenzori Mountains (Mountain of the Moon) its Peak is called Margherita. Then in the Eastern frontier there is Mountain Elgon and this was once the Highest Mountain in Africa before it blew off its Top and the Virunga Volcanoes in the Southwest currently termed as Dormant Volcanoes as well as in the West there is a Western Rift Valley and it runs from North to South. Half the western part of the country is below 910 m (3,000 ft.) and on the surface of it beds Lakes like Lake Edward, Lake George and Lake Albert (L. Mobutu Sese Seko).

Being Magnificent at the same time landlocked,

Uganda contains many large lakes, beside Lake Victoria and Lake Kyoga, there is Lake Albert, Lake Edward and the smaller Lake George. More so Uganda only has one Outlet River called the River Nile with many various In-let rivers that prUgandaotrude to the Lake Victoria and The White Nile has its source in Lake Victoria, as the Victoria Nile it runs northward through Lake Kyoga and then westward to Lake Albert, from which it emerges as the Albert Nile to resume its northward course to the Sudan.

Geography – note: Uganda is one of six African states that lie along the equator though most of Uganda is north of the equator.

Uganda’s Climate (Best time to visit) Uganda’s weather in general

Being located astride the equator, there is little year-round fluctuation in temperatures and no real winter or summer associated with. The hottest months are January and February when the average daytime range is 24-33°C (52-91°F) with peaks of up to 40°C/104°F in the far north. The South has two Wet seasons: from mid- September to November and March to May. The Dry season from December to February means only that it rains less and the gorilla parks remain fairly wet during these months. The second Dry season – from June and July – is considerably drier. Still, with 1000 to 2000mm (39.4-78.7in) of rain every year, it can rain at almost any time. The north, including Murchison Falls and Kidepo Valley, has one continuous Wet season from March to November and a more obvious Dry season from December to February.

Dry season – (June to August and December to February)

June and July are the driest months in most of the south, but it can still rain. Average temperatures hover around 27°C/81°F in the afternoon and 16°C/61°F in the morning. It will be colder at altitudes above 1300m/4265ft, including the gorilla parks.

Unlike the south, these months are part of the Wet season in the north. The far north, including Kidepo Valley, is semi-arid and can experience droughts some years.

December, January & February – Most of the south has less rainfall, but still more when compared to June and July. It is slightly warmer with daytime temperatures of about 28°C/82°F and morning temperatures of 16°C/61°F. The North has a clear Dry season with little rain.

Wet season – (March to May and September to November)

March, April & May – There is more rainfall throughout the country during these months, with a clear peak in April in the south. Most days have some sunshine as well. The rain can make travel more difficult since dirt roads and forest trails used for gorilla tracking can become challenging to navigate. Daytime temperatures average around 28°C/82°F and morning temperatures around 16°C/61°F. It will be colder in the gorilla parks at high altitudes and warmer in the north.
September, October & November – These months are comparable to March, April and May but, on average, there is a bit less rain. Daytime temperatures are around 28°C/82°F.

Uganda People and Culture as a Uganda Safari attraction


Besides the physical spread, Uganda features a population of 34.9 million people as of 2014 Census and is one of the most heterogeneous nations in Africa with a count of over 65 tribal groups that feature varied cultures with different customs, practices, livelihood patterns, settlement patterns, physical spread, events and festivals making cultural safaris in Uganda rewarding. 

Ranging from the Karimojong both the indigenous Karimojong that thrive in the Morungole Mountains and the Pastoralist Karimojong that thrive in the dry plains of Karamoja with their herds of cattle in the northeast to the Batwa of the south-west known as one of the last groups of the short surviving people in the world with their ancient settlement in the dense forests that mark the area, Uganda can affirm that it still features intact tribal traditions in East Africa. The highly organized Kingdom of Buganda with its Kasubi tombs – the burial grounds for the Kings marked by UNESCO as a world heritage, the pastoralist cultures of the Banyankole with their beautiful Ankole long horned cattle, the Bamasaba with their Imbalu ceremony where the boys are circumcised live to initiate them into manhood, the Bakiga of Kigezi that have inhabited the Kigezi highlands for centuries past presenting one of the magical human protected landscapes in the world with remarkable sceneries not forgetting the northern Nilotic tribes  with their customary settlement and unique architectural huts combine to give a clear representation of Uganda and her capacity to offer remarkable safari memories.

Population of the Country

Uganda’s  population is now over 35 million people – some claim 38 million – the size of the State of Oregon but six times as many people as Oregon has.  The size of the Ugandan population has its benefits, however on the other side is the need for land.  Renting is not how Ugandans want to live out their lives.  They want their own land property and that often leads to land-grabbing moving into protected areas and presents and will present a real challenge to the Government of Uganda.

Uganda is also one of the youngest nation in the world – over half of its population is under the age of 16 years.  Life expectancy is between 53 and 55 years – you will not find many in their 80’s.

Food in the Country

The Safari travellers will taste food varies from the ordinary to good. Uganda features a wide range of cuisine that one would wonder to encounter. Uganda features speciality restaurants that serve specialised food items including the Chinese food, the Indian cuisine, the Italian Cuisine…Read more…

Time in Uganda while planning a safari to Uganda

We feature no time difference arising from season changes like summer or winter. it’s only three (+3 GMT) hours ahead of GMT the popularly known Greenwich Mean Time which is also referred to as the Prime Meridian.

Which Currency to expect in Uganda during Uganda safaris.

Before starting your Safari, you will need to change some money to Uganda’s national currency called the Shillings which is abbreviated as UGX and features a shilling sign of /=. However, other foreign countries can still be of use in the country especially the United States Dollars. In fact, you exchange part of your money to… Read more…

Uganda’s International Dialing Code!

which code to put while making a call to reserve your safari in Uganda?

The International dialling code is +256 and this is followed by the respective number one intends to call. Uganda features a range of Telecommunication companies that offer… Read more……

Health in Uganda

Is your health safe while on a safari?

Uganda has medical facilities are close to western standards in Kampala her capital city. The upcountry towns feature basic medical services and can ably treat average sickness. So like other destinations, it has got health recommendations… Read more…

The language  what language to use while on a safari?”

Uganda is a heterogeneous nation and thus there is no majorly accepted local language country over. Here, people speak English and it’s the neutral mode of the communication in a country with over 65 tribal groups. Apart from English, Luganda is … Read more…

Requirements for travelling in Uganda  “The safari Visas for travellers!”

Do you need a visa to enter Uganda for a tour: Uganda entry, exit and visa requirements?

Traveller Interested in a Uganda tour is required to be in possession of a valid passport issued by the respective country of origin. Uganda Immigration Authority, The passport has to be valid for 6 months and have one page where the stamp can be put … Read more

Safari and general travellers can access the country using a variety of flights from various points of the world and those interested in undertaking tours. You can book the flights through a local agent in their home countries, through airlines directly, international ticket vendors most of which are online or contact us … Read more